In this post I will describe the steps to be made in order to create a rootfs in order to boot a VM (virtual machine) using qemu. The main goal that we want to achieve be doing this is to create an environment where the host machine is the one running ceph and the VM is the client.
In order to boot a VM using qemu we need 2 things:
* a root filesystem - an image that contains the structure of folders and subfolders used be a linux system * a kernel image corresponding with our needs - we created this in the last tutorial
In order to complete the entire setup, my mentor for this project provided me with some notes that he took when creating his setup. Those notes suggested the fact the I should use a script found in the ceph project in ‘src/script/build_debian_image.sh’. Unfortunately, the script in question was deleted by in some previous commit and currently it is no longer in ceph.
To retrieve this script I have used git and its powerful commands. The steps are described below:
cd ~/work/ceph git rev-list -n 1 HEAD – src/script/build_debian_image.sh
The last command should give you the hash of the commit in question (that deleted the script). The hash is: c9a6e60eee8719472bcf71fffb20eb2557703f9d
Now we are ready to retrieve the file and place it back where it belongs.
git checkout c9a6e60eee8719472bcf71fffb20eb2557703f9d^ – src/script/build_debian_image.sh
Voila! We have the script back!
Now is the appropriate time to know that this script uses another one that was also deleted in that same commit (I found it the hard way - by running the script). So let’s just recover the second script also : network-from-cmdline
git checkout c9a6e60eee8719472bcf71fffb20eb2557703f9d^ – src/script/network-from-cmdline
Now that we have everything that we need lets get to work:
cd ~/work/ceph cd src/script ./build_debian_image.sh rootfs.img
This will create in the current directory a file an ext3 filesystem data file describing a debian image. The script uses debootstrap to download and install the necessary packages in the new rootfs so you should make sure you have it installed:
sudo apt-get install debootstrap
If everything is ok you will now have a file called rootfs.img in your current folder.
Unfortunately, I bumped into a problem exactly at the last step and the output was this:
+ umount /tmp/1227 umount: /tmp/1227: device is busy. (In some cases useful info about processes that use the device is found by lsof(8) or fuser(1))
It meens that the filesystem was created succesfully but the folder were the file (rootfs.img) was mounted could not be unmounted. The step to solve this are:
* find out what are the processes using files from that folder: ioana@ceph:~/work/ceph/src/script$ sudo lsof /tmp/1227/ lsof: WARNING: can't stat() fuse.gvfsd-fuse file system /run/user/1000/gvfs Output information may be incomplete. COMMAND PID USER FD TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME sshd 18908 root cwd DIR 7,0 4096 2 /tmp/1227 sshd 18908 root rtd DIR 7,0 4096 2 /tmp/1227 sshd 18908 root txt REG 7,0 475896 23639 /tmp/1227/usr/sbin/sshd sshd 18908 root mem REG 7,0 51728 57368 /tmp/1227/lib/libnss_files-2.11.3.so sshd 18908 root mem REG 7,0 43552 57401 /tmp/1227/lib/libnss_nis-2.11.3.so sshd 18908 root mem REG 7,0 31616 57375 /tmp/1227/lib/libnss_compat-2.11.3.so * as we can see 'sshd' is the only process that restricts us from unmounting the rootfs... so let's just terminate it. ioana@ceph:~/work/ceph/src/script$ sudo kill -9 18908 * finally unmount the rootfs: ioana@ceph:~/work/ceph/src/script$ sudo umount /tmp/ 1227 ioana@ceph:~/work/ceph/src/script$ * check if everything is ok: ioana@ceph:~/work/ceph/src/script$ file rootfs.img rootfs.img: linux rev 1.0 ext3 filesystem data, uuid=7a3dd817-e960-400e-b5d3-69072b08aae3 (large files) ioana@ceph:~/work/ceph/src/script$ du -sh rootfs.img 689m rootfs.img
Et voila! We have our own root filesystem that we are going to use to boot our virtual machine in some next tutorial.